According to information received from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, the cultivation of plants with less water consumption is expanded, especially in areas with water scarcity, and they are supported. While saving water on the one hand, efficiency increases on the other hand with the applied method. Water consumption was reduced by 50 percent by applying the drip irrigation method only in the rice fields.
The “agriculture by water” method also ushered in a new era in fallow practices. Thanks to the preference for plants that consume less water, fallow fell by 2.1 million decares last year.
Mehmet Hasdemir, General Manager of Crop Production at the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, briefed the AA correspondent on the latest situation in agricultural practice based on water.
Stating that more than 70 percent of water resources in Turkey are used in agriculture, Hasdemir said that the importance of water has increased with climate change and drought. Hasdemir stated that it is important to plan for water and in this context they have especially identified regions with groundwater restrictions. Noting that they are working to expand the production of plants that consume less water in 10 provinces and 45 districts, Hasdemir said that they have implemented a support policy to reduce the plants that consume more water. Hasdemir said: “We are expanding low water consumption plants such as chickpeas and lentils in places where water is limited, and we are increasing their support. In addition, we are giving 50 percent more support to low water consumption forage plants. Water”. ” said.
“WE BREAK THE ROOT IN THE RICE”
Hasdemir noted that they are growing crops with the most suitable irrigation method while bringing water to the soil and said:
“For example, we broke a game changer in the rice field. By growing rice, which is the most consumed cereal in the world after corn and wheat, with drip irrigation, we reduced water consumption per plant by up to 50 percent. cent. In addition, we implemented a model that will produce more rice with less water. With this project, which we started in 13 thousand decars in Istanbul province, we reduced labor and soil cultivation by producing rice in hilly areas. time, he made a production plan, not planting rice fields followed every year with drip irrigation, but planning agriculture according to water. “
Noting that approximately 3 million hectares of land are left fallow to store water each year, Hasdemir explained that when plants that consume less water are selected for production in these regions, they have the opportunity to produce in more areas each year.
Hasdemir said that last year 2.1 million decars of fallow land were reduced, thus breaking the record and reaching 126 million tons in agricultural production.
CLIMATE CHANGE MADE IT OBLIGATORY TO PRODUCE MORE WITH LESS WATER ”
Emphasizing the importance of agriculture based on water, Hasdemir said:
“When we do water-based agriculture, we look for ways to increase our current production with less water, as well as to protect it. Because in the next 50 years, the increase in temperature with climate change and evaporation will increase water losses. This situation forces us to produce more with less water. We have a model that allows our farmers to plant with drought-tolerant varieties that make up the planting pattern, to choose plants and seeds. Here too the seeds come to the fore. In addition to plant species, there are species that consume less water and provide more yield with less water. “
Noting that they are trying to make production plans that minimize water consumption in addition to traditional methods, Hasdemir added that they offer training and suggestions to farmers in this direction.